Classic Psychology Journal Articles



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A very warm welcome to the psychology classics collection which offers completely free access to the most important and influential journal articles ever published in the history of psychology, including contributions from the most eminent psychologists of the 20th century.


How is This Possible?


Any magazine, journal or periodical published before 1923 is in the public domain. In addition any work published from 1923-1963 whose copyright was not renewed in the 28th year is also in the Public Domain. This means that there is an absolute goldmine of psychology material out there that can be made publicly available. 



A labor of love, it has taken me a great deal of time and effort to put this collection together and I hope to add additional publications on a regular basis.



Note To Psychology Students


A psychology classic is by definition a must read. However, most groundbreaking texts within the discipline remain unread by a majority of psychology students. A detailed, well written description of a classic study in a textbook is fine to a point, but there is absolutely no substitute for understanding and engaging with the issues under review than by reading the authors unabridged ideas, thoughts and findings in their entirety.


I've put this collection together with this very much in mind. Enjoy!


David Webb BSc (Hons), MSc



The Article Collection



Conditioned Emotional Reactions


Conditioned Emotional Reactions by John B. Watson and Rosalie Rayner is one of the most influential, infamous and iconic research articles ever published in the history of psychology. Commonly referred to as "The Case of Little Albert" this psychology classic attempted to show how fear could be induced in an infant through classical conditioning. 


Originally published in 1920, Conditioned Emotional Reactions remains among the most frequently cited journal articles in introductory psychology courses and textbooks. You can read this psychology classic in full for free via the following link.


Conditioned Emotional Reactions (The Case of Little Albert)



Cognitive Consequences of Forced Compliance by Leon Festinger and James Carlsmith


Cognitive Consequences of Forced Compliance by Leon Festinger & James Carlsmith was the first of numerous studies to corroborate the theory of cognitive dissonance. The premiss for this classic piece of research was to test what happens to a person's private opinion when they are forced to do or say something contrary to that opinion. You can read this hugely influential psychology classic in full for free via the following link.


Cognitive Consequences of Forced Compliance



The Magical Number Seven, Plus or Minus Two


George A. Miller's article 'The Magical Number Seven, Plus or Minus Two: Some Limits on Our Capacity for Processing Information' is one of the most frequently Cited Journal Articles in Introductory Psychology Textbooks.


Building on psychological research that maintained that short-term memory is restricted to just a few bits of information, this hugely influential paper showed among other things how chunking could be employed to increase the restricted capacity of short-term memory. You can read this psychology classic in full for free via the following link.


The Magical Number Seven, Plus or Minus Two



Forming Impressions of Personality by Solomon Asch


Forming Impressions of Personality by Solomon Asch is a classic study in the psychology of interpersonal perception. The central tenet of this research is that particular information we have about a person, namely the traits we believe they possess, is the most important factor in establishing our overall impression of that person.


This is the journal article which introduced the concept of central versus peripheral traits and the "halo effect". You can read this psychology classic in full for free via the following link.


Forming Impressions of Personality



Clinical Psychology Lightner Witmer


First published in 1907, this landmark paper by Lightner Witmer resulted in the author being widely acknowledged as the founder of clinical psychology. Within this classic text, Witmer defines the phraseology and scope of clinical psychology and discusses the circumstances by which he came to open his psychological clinic at the University of Pennsylvania in March 1896. You can read this psychology classic in full for free via the following link.


Lightner Witmer: Clinical Psychology   



Superstition in The Pigeon by B.F. Skinner


This learning theory classic demonstrates how accidental connections between a ritual and favorable consequences can establish and maintain superstitious behavior. You can read this B.F. Skinner article in full for free via the following link.


Superstition in The Pigeon



An Experimental Study of Apparent Behavior by Fritz Heider and Marianne Simmel


An Experimental Study of Apparent Behavior by Fritz Heider & Marianne Simmel is a landmark study in the field of interpersonal perception, in particular in relation to the attribution process when making judgments of others. You can read this classic article in full for free via the following link.


An Experimental Study of Apparent Behavior



Psychology As The Behaviorist Views It by John B. Watson


On the 24th February 1913 John B. Watson delivered a landmark lecture "Psychology as the Behaviorist Views It" at the New York branch meeting of the American Psychological Association at Columbia University. A month later, the lecture was published as an article in Psychological Review. It became known as the "behaviorist manifesto" bestowed on Watson the title "father of behaviorism" and became one of the most influential texts in the history of psychology. You can read this classic article in full for free via the following link.


Psychology As The Behaviorist Views It






Concepts of Trait and Personality





You can access this classic article via the following link.


Concepts of Trait and Personality



The Conflict of the Psychologies





You can access this classic article via the following link.


The Conflict of the Psychologies



Conflict, Frustration and the Theory of Threat





You can access this classic article via the following link.


Conflict, Frustration and the Theory of Threat



Human Motives and the Concept of the Self





You can access this classic article via the following link.


Human Motives and the Concept of the Self



Cognitive, Conative, and Non-Intellective Intelligence





You can access this classic article via the following link.


Cognitive, Conative, and Non-Intellective Intelligence



The Influence of Darwin on Psychology

full text psychology article on darwin and psychology

You can access this classic article by James Rowland Angell via the following link.

Darwin and Psychology


The Power of Music

power of music

You can access this classic article by Halbert Hains Britan via the following link.

The Power of Music


The Feeling of Being stared At

feeling of being stared at

You can access this classic article by Edward Titchener via the following link.

The Feeling of Being stared At


Some Areas of Caution For The Psychology Student

psychology students

You can access this classic article by Theodore Landsman & Manfred Frank De Martino via the following link.

Psychology Students Areas of Caution


The Occupational Guide To Psychology

guide to psychology

You can access this very useful resource via the following link.

Guide To Psychology


The Psychology of Infant Language By John Dewey

psychology of laguage

You can access this classic short article, originally published in 1894 via the following link.

Psychology of Infant Language


Social Nudism and The Body Taboo

social nudism and the body taboo

You can access this classic article by Princeton psychologist Howard Warren via the following link.

Social Nudism


Psychology of Fear

full text psychology article on the psychology of fear

You can access this classic psychology article via the following link.

Psychology of Fear


Are Psychologists Afraid of Therapy?

You can access this article via the following link.

Psychotherapy Article: Are Psychologists Afraid of Therapy?


Heredity, Environment, and The Question How

You can access this classic child psychology article via the following link.

Heredity Environment, and The Question How


Rational Psychotherapy and Individual Psychology

You can access this landmark psychotherapy article via the following link.

Rational Psychotherapy and Individual Psychology


Significant Aspects of Client Centered Therapy

You can access this classic psychotherapy and counseling article via the following link.

Significant Aspects of Client Centered Therapy


Psychologists & Cartoonists

You can access this article via the following link.

Psychology Cartoons


Functional Fixedness

You can access this article via the following link.

Functional Fixedness


The Ability To Judge People



(Photo Credit: Kat.B.Photography)

You can access this article via the following link.

Judge of Character


Preventing Future Crime With Cognitive Behavioral Therapy



(Photo Credit: Todd Martin)

You can access this article via the following link.

Cognitive Behavior Therapy


On The Psychology & Pathology of So-Called Occult Phenomena

You can access this article via the following link.

Psychology of Occult Phenomena


The Quality of Group And Individual Performance by Irving Lorge Et Al

You can access this article via the following link.

Group And Individual Performance


Carl Rogers: Persons or Science? A Philosophical Question

You can access this article via the following link.

Carl Rogers


A Note on Projection by Philip H. Chase

You can access this article via the following link.

Projection Psychology


The Assessment of Graphology by E. A. Rundquist

You can access this article via the following link.

Handwriting Analysis


The Myth of Mental Illness by Thomas Szasz

You can access this classic psychology article via the following link.

The Myth of Mental Illness by Thomas Szasz


Vox Populi (The Wisdom of Crowds) by Francis Galton

You can access this classic article via the following link.

Vox Populi (The Wisdom of Crowds) by Francis Galton


Albert Hastorf & Hadley Cantril: They Saw A Game: A Case Study

You can access this classic psychology journal article via the following link.

Albert Hastorf & Hadley Cantril: They Saw A Game: A Case Study


Milton Rokeach: The Nature And Meaning of Dogmatism

You can access this classic psychology journal article via the following link.

Milton Rokeach: The Nature And Meaning of Dogmatism



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    Dec 06, 16 10:00 AM




    Florence Mateer was born. A pioneer in the field of experimental and clinical psychology, Mateer is best known for influential work on classical conditioning, intelligence testing and child psychopath…

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    Dec 06, 16 09:39 AM

    Common Dreams: Article from 1925 by James J. Walsh, M.D., Ph.D, documenting and seeking to explain our most common dreams.

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