Psychology Blog

The All About Psychology Blog will be used to alert readers to all the latest content and resources added to the website.

It will also document a significant person, event or landmark in the history of psychology every day of the year.

Sigmund Freud: Today in the History of Psychology (27th October 1924)

Sigmund Freud appeared on the cover of Time magazine for the first time. The accompanying article inside the magazine begins by informing the reader that two new translations of Sigmund Freud's work could now be found on U. S. bookstalls; these being 'Beyond the Pleasure Principle' and 'Group Psychology and the Analysis of the Ego,' and could be purchased for $1.50 and $2.00 respectively.

See following link for Freud information and resources.

Sigmund Freud

Information via: On This Day in Psychology: A Showcase of Great Pioneers and Defining Moments

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James McConnell: Today in the History of Psychology (26th October 1925)

James Vernon McConnell was born. McConnell is best known for writing the very successful introductory psychology textbook 'Understanding Human Behavior' and for publishing the wonderfully irreverent 'Worm Runners Digest,' a satirical magazine which included 'just for fun' contributions from such luminaries as Harry Harlow and B.F. Skinner.

McConnell joined the faculty at the University of Michigan psychology department in 1956, where he remained until his retirement in 1988. Renowned for his passionate commitment to teaching and innovative teaching methods, McConnell received the American Psychological Foundation Award for Distinguished Teaching in 1976.

Lawrence Kohlberg: Today in the History of Psychology (25th October 1927)

Lawrence Kohlberg was born. Widely regarded as one of the most eminent Psychologists of the 20th Century, Kohlberg received worldwide recognition for his research on the stages of moral development. Building on the pioneering work of Jean Piaget, Kohlberg developed a six-stage model of moral reasoning, integral to which was the notion that moral growth is experiential; i.e., driven by such things as 'role taking' and addressing problems from multiple perspectives rather than being simply a consequence of brain maturation.

The British Psychological Society: Today in the History of Psychology (24th October 1901)

The British Psychological Society (BPS) was founded at University College London with the aim of advancing 'scientific psychological research, and to further the co-operation of investigators in the various branches of Psychology.'

Today, the British Psychological Society operates under royal charter as the 'representative body for psychology and psychologists in the UK...responsible for the development, promotion and application of psychology for the public good.' Originally consisting of just 10 founder members the BPS now has over 50,000, of whom more than 18,000 are fully qualified Chartered Psychologists.

Edwin Boring: Today in the History of Psychology (23rd October 1886)

Edwin Garrigues Boring was born. An eminent experimental psychologist and renowned historian of psychology, Boring famously combined his major academic passions in 1929 with the publication of his acclaimed classic 'A History of Experimental Psychology' in which he asserts the contention that 'sophisticated psychology requires a historical orientation.' Boring is also known for his work on visual perception, in particular ambiguous figures; such as the ubiquitous young woman, old woman figure which Boring originally reported on in The American Journal of Psychology in 1930.

Edwin Boring joined the Faculty at Harvard University in 1922, serving as Director of the Psychological Laboratory from 1924 to 1949 before retiring in 1956 as the Edgar Pierce Emeritus Professor of Psychology. Among his many notable achievements, Boring served as president of the American Psychological Association (APA) in 1928, was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1932 and was listed as one of the 100 most eminent psychologists of the 20th century by the APA in 2002.

Julian Rotter: Today in the History of Psychology (22nd October 1916)

Julian Rotter was born. One of the most cited psychologists in the history of modern psychology, Rotter's research was instrumental in establishing social learning theory and the concept of locus of control as major areas of psychological investigation. A highly respected academic, Rotter's seminal work 'Social Learning and Clinical Psychology' was published in 1954 and in 1963 he became the Program Director of Clinical Psychology at the University of Connecticut, where he remained until his retirement in 1986.

In 1988 Julian Rotter received the American Psychological Association (APA) award for Distinguished Scientific Contributions 'for his pioneering social learning framework that transformed behavioral approaches to personality and clinical psychology.' The APA also named Rotter as one of the most influential psychologists of the 20th century; the official announcement of which stated: 'An inspiring model for the rigorous theory-guided analysis of the most complex human behavior, Julian Rotter, by his writing, teaching, and personal example, won the admiration and gratitude of a generation of students, clinicians, and scholars, and profoundly changed theory and practice in the field.'

Nadine Lambert: Today in the History of Psychology (21st October 1926)

Nadine Lambert was born. A renowned researcher within educational settings, Lambert was the founder of the University of California, Berkeley's doctoral program in school psychology and served as director of this innovative program from 1965 until 2004.

The recipient of many honors in the course of an esteemed career, Lambert received the Distinguished Professional Contributions Award from the American Psychological Association (APA) in 1986 in recognition that her 'research on the social and the psychological antecedents of various childhood and adolescent mental health problems, as well as her work with hyperactive children, has contributed significantly to the improved treatment and understanding of many childhood and adolescent behavioral problems.'

In 1998 the National Association of School Psychologists named Nadine Lambert a 'Living Legend,' and in 2005, she was awarded the APA Division 16 Senior Scientist Award for long-standing and exceptional contributions to the science of school psychology.

John Dewey: Today in the History of Psychology (20th October 1859)

John Dewey was born, an eminent philosopher, psychologist and champion of progressive educational and social reform, Dewey is widely considered as one of the 20th Century's greatest thinkers. A prolific writer, Dewey published influential works across a range of topics including; instrumentalism, pedagogy, epistemology, political theory, religion, pragmatism and ethics.

Among his many professional accolades, John Dewey served as president of the American Psychological Association in 1899, was awarded the prestigious Columbia University Butler Medal in 1935 for 'the distinguished character and continued vitality of his contributions to philosophy and education' and in 1968 was featured on a 30 cent stamp issued by the United States Post Office Department as part of their Prominent Americans series.

John Dewey died on the 1st June 1952 aged 92. His obituary in the New York Times noted that the best description of him was be found in the editorial written to mark his eightieth birthday: Namely, 'there are countless school children today and yesterday whose lives have been influenced in a constructive way by this one man who never shouted, and whose formally stated philosophy often is a stiff dose for more subtle minds.'

Lois Stolz: Today in the History of Psychology (19th October 1891)

Lois Stolz was born. A pioneer in the field of childhood education and development, Stolz served as the first president of the National Association of Nursery Education in 1929 and as the first woman to chair the Committee for the National Society for the Study of Education oversaw a landmark publication on Preschool and Parental Education; which proved instrumental in stimulating interest and groundbreaking research within child development.

In the course of a long and distinguished academic career, Stolz worked as a research associate at the Institute of Child Welfare at the University of California at Berkeley before joining the faculty of psychology at Stanford University in 1944 where she remained until her retirement in 1957. A highly respected author, 'Your Child’s Development and Guidance' published in 1940 is widely cited as Lois Meek Stolz's most important publication.

Roger N. Shepard: Today in the History of Psychology (18th October 1995)

Roger N. Shepard, Professor of psychology at Stanford University was awarded the National Medal of Science by President Clinton in a ceremony at the White House: 'For his theoretical and experimental work elucidating the human mind's perception of the physical world and why the human mind has evolved to represent objects as it does; and for giving purpose to the field of cognitive science and demonstrating the value of bringing the insights of many scientific disciplines to bear in scientific problem solving.'

Robert Sessions Woodworth: Today in the History of Psychology (17th October 1869)

Robert Sessions Woodworth was born. A prominent academic psychologist in the first half of the twentieth century, Woodworth studied psychology under William James at Harvard University and earned a Ph.D. in psychology at Columbia University under the supervision of James McKeen Cattell.

Renowned for his work on a range of topics within the field of educational and physiological psychology, in particular the transfer of training and neural organization in emotion, Woodworth is also widely acclaimed for the influential and very popular textbooks his wrote; most notably 'Experimental Psychology,' the first edition of which was published in 1938.

Among his many professional accomplishments Robert Woodworth served as president of the American Psychological Association in 1914, was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1921 and in 1956 was awarded the Gold Medal of the American Psychological Foundation for 'distinguished and continuous service to scholarship and research in Psychology and for contributions to the growth of Psychology through the medium of scientific publication.'

Martin Theodore Orne: Today in the History of Psychology (16th October 1927)

Martin Theodore Orne was born. Emeritus professor of psychiatry and psychology at the University of Pennsylvania, Orne was renowned for his pioneering work concerning the nature of hypnosis, memory distortion and lie detection and for his involvement as an expert witness in high profile criminal trials such as the Kenneth Bianchi 'Hillside Strangler' trial and the Patty Hearst bank robbery case.

Orne was also hugely influential in raising awareness of the inherent problem of demand characteristics within laboratory based behavioral research and the need for constant vigilance on the part of researchers concerning the ecological validity of their experiments.

Stanley Milgram: Today in the History of Psychology (15th October 1963)

Stanley Milgram's infamous article 'Behavioral Study of Obedience' was published in the 'Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology.' The first report from a series of the most notorious and controversial experiments in the history of psychology was introduced by Milgram as follows: 'This article describes a procedure for the study of destructive obedience in the laboratory. It consists of ordering a naive subject to administer increasingly more severe punishment to a victim in the context of a learning experiment. Punishment is administered by means of a shock generator with 30 graded switches ranging from Slight Shock to Danger: Severe Shock.'

Milgram's disturbing finding that 65% of subjects obeyed orders from an authority figure to inflict what they believed to be severe levels of pain on someone else still ranks among the most influential areas of social psychological research and remains the subject of much debate and conjecture to this day.

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