Experimental Design Tutorial Quick Reference Guide

                                    

Experimental Design Tutorial Quick Reference Guide



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Quick Reference Guide


EXPERIMENTAL HYPOTHESIS (H1)

The prediction of the outcome of the experiment

ONE-TAILED EXPERIMENTAL HYPOTHESIS

Predicts the way that behaviour will change

TWO-TAILED EXPERIMENTAL HYPOTHESIS

Simply states that the behaviour will change

NULL HYPOTHESIS (H0)

Simply states that any observed differences between groups were down to chance.

INDEPENDENT VARIABLE (IV)

The one factor that is different between the conditions

DEPENDENT VARIABLE (DV)

The aspect of behaviour that is measured

EXTRANEOUS VARIABLE

Anything, other than the IV that might have had an effect on the result of the experiment.

CONFOUNDING VARIABLE

An extraneous variable that does effect the result of the experiment. In doing so, it becomes impossible to say whether any difference found was due to the IV or the confounding variable.

INDEPENDENT SUBJECTS DESIGN

Some subjects perform in experimental condition and others in control condition.

REPEATED MEASURES DESIGN

All subjects perform in both experimental condition and control condition

MATCHED PAIRS DESIGN

As a result of a pre-test subjects are sorted into pairs. One of the pair performs in the experimental condition and the other performs in the control.

ORDER EFFECTS

If a participant has to perform a series of actions, the order in which she/he performs them will have an effect on the efficiency of each action. The two main order effects are practice (increases efficiency) and fatigue (decreases efficiency).

COUNTERBALANCING

Employed to ensure that order effects have an equal effect by alternating the conditions.


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